Archive for September, 2011

Annotated Bibliography: Kathryn D. Sullivan

Sunday, September 18th, 2011

Bibliography: Kathryn D. Sullivan


“6 of America’s 8 Woman
Astronauts to Fly in ’84.” New York Times 19 Nov. 1983: 26. Print.


Posted on November 19,
1983 by the New York Times is an article on “6 of America’s 8 Woman Astronauts
to Fly in ’84. “ At the time of when the article was printed it says of how the
mission that they were looking forward to was the first mission in which two
women were on the same voyage. It mentions how geologist Sullivan was going to
be the first woman to walk in space along with a several list and brief
descriptions of everyone else going on the space mission.  This source is credible though it doesn’t have
much information on Sullivan herself, for researches it is still useful as it
informs on the crew and important dates for the flights.

Clash, James M. “James M.
Clash: America’s First Woman Space-Walker Remembers Shuttle Rides.” Breaking
News and Opinion on The Huffington Post
. Huffington Post, 6 July 2011. Web.
10 Sept. 2011.

This piece written by James M. Clash is an
expansive source on Sullivan as it is not only just an article, but also an
interview in which Clash asked Sullivan for her insights on questions we all
wonder about. He states on how “she was the first American woman to walk in
space, outside Challenger in 1984. In 1986 that spacecraft exploded 73 seconds
into flight, killing its crew of seven. Undaunted, Sullivan flew again, not
once but twice. In 1990, she flew on Discovery. Her last flight,
coincidentally, was aboard Atlantis in 1992.” The article is unlimited in the
information towards my research as it even answers the question as to if she
views herself as a role model to young girls. Sullivan simply replies “I have a
twin view. That would have been my first spacewalk if 10,000 people had done it
before me. So, from that point of view, the little historical fact doesn’t play
any role. But when it’s parents, teachers or young high school folks figuring
their way through the world–if I’m identifiable as having something worth
saying to help them figure out the road ahead–that’s an extraordinary opportunity.
So I enjoy that and try to do what I can.”

“Countdown Begins for Shuttle
Liftoff.” ProQuest. New York Times, 4 Oct. 1984. Web. 10 Sept.


source is also a New York Times article called “Countdown Begins for Shuttle
Liftoff.” In which it has a lot of valuable information relating to the mission
itself and how they were observing earth and water patterns. The mission in
which was comprised of Sullivan along with Commander Leetsma, was meant for
transferring hydrazine from between two of the ship’s tanks.  This source is beneficial to me for my
research as it depicts of what exactly was the objective of the mission.


Hoffman, Shelly. “COSI Columbus
| Press Releases.” COSI Columbus | Dynamic Hands-On Science Center.
Web. 10 Sept. 2011.

The article “Dr. Kathy Sullivan
Takes New Position” by Shelly Hoffman is a relevant primary source as it tells
of how Sullivan was entitled first director. Her title is the “new Battelle
Center for Mathematics and Science Education Policy at The Ohio State
University’s John Glenn School of Public Affairs.”  The article tells a brief description on some
of the reasons as to why Sullivan was a great candidate for the position of
first director. It illustrates of her dedication and enthusiasm towards the
field of science.


“Kathryn D. Sullivan Oral
History.” NASA – Johnson Space Center. National Aeronautics and
Space Administration. Web. 10 Sept. 2011.


National Aeronautics and Space Administration website offers a wide variety of documents,
which consist of audio content renewed into an outline between the interviewer
and Kathryn Sullivan. There are several dates of interviews ranging from the
years of 2007 to 2009 along with a bibliography data sheet about Kathryn
herself. In the bibliography data sheet, it holds information regarding her
education, military work experience, involvement in NASA, her awards &
citations, and more. This source is highly credible as it is a “history portal”
of records from the Johnson Space Center.  The expect this source to be useful and
supportive of my research on Sullivan as it provides detailed and firsthand
information, for example it tells of how she used to work  as a commander for the US Naval Reserve.




Johnson, Lyndon B. “Astronaut
Bio: Kathryn D. Sullivan (03/2009).” NASA – Johnson Space Center.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Web. 10 Sept. 2011.

source is a bibliography by the NASA/Johnson Space Center; it is precise and
dependable on the information being given out. It is all about Sullivan on her
personal information, education, organizations, special honors, experience,
NASA experience, and space flight experience. It was written in March in the
year of 2009 and is the “only version available from NASA […] updates must be sought direct from the above named
individual.” As for my research I find it valuable as it answers the question
of how many hours Dr.Sullivan has spent in space over her career; it states
that with the completion of the third mission she had logged in over 532 hours.


Encyclopedia Astronautica. Web. 10 Sept. 2011.


Encyclopedia Astronautica offers a variety of bibliographical information on
Sullivan’s birthplace, career, education, images, and more.  Some of her accomplishments according to the
material include: “NASA Exceptional Service Medal (1988); Ten Outstanding Young
People of the World Award, Jaycees International (1987); Ten Outstanding Young
Americans Award, U.S. Jaycees (1987); National Air and Space Museum Trophy,
Smithsonian Institution (1985); NASA Space Flight Medal (1984 & 1990); AIAA
Haley Apace Flight Award (1991); AAS Space Flight Achievement Award (1991).” It
would be helpful towards my research on Sullivan as it spaces her life in
chronological order.









Cited As Publicized

“6 of America’s 8
Woman Astronauts to Fly in ’84.” New York Times 19 Nov. 1983: 26.

Clash, James M.
“James M. Clash: America’s First Woman Space-Walker Remembers Shuttle
Rides.” Breaking News and Opinion on The Huffington Post.
Huffington Post, 6 July 2011. Web. 13 Sept. 2011.

“Countdown Begins
for Shuttle Liftoff.” ProQuest. New York Times, 4 Oct. 1984. Web.
13 Sept. 2011. <>.

Hoffman, Shelly.
“COSI Columbus | Press Releases.” COSI Columbus | Dynamic Hands-On
Science Center
. Web. 10 Sept. 2011. <>.

Johnson, Lyndon B.
“Astronaut Bio: Kathryn D. Sullivan (03/2009).” NASA – Johnson
Space Center
. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Web. 13 Sept.
2011. <>.

“Kathryn D.
Sullivan Oral History.” NASA – Johnson Space Center. National
Aeronautics and Space Administration. Web. 13 Sept. 2011.

“Sullivan.” Encyclopedia
. Web. 14 Sept. 2011.

A Delightful Surprise!

Sunday, September 18th, 2011

I love listening to podcasts and I just remembered that Stuff You Missed in History Class did a podcast on Ada Byron!!! Can you say excitement??? So I am posting the link on here. Enjoy!


A Delightful Surprise Part 2!!

Saturday, September 17th, 2011

Hello everyone,

I thought that while I was busy creating my extremely impressive (because I am making it) presentation that boredom might set in for you all. So while I was taking a much needed break from work, I found another podcast and this time the topic was on Women in Science!!! Basically it is like an overview of the class this blog is for and…guess what???? Ada Byron gets a shoutout in the podcast too.  So I am posting this for you guys!! Enjoy!

Annotated Bibliography

Saturday, September 17th, 2011

Annotated Bibliography




Diane France Description

Thursday, September 15th, 2011

The scientist I chose to do my project on is forensic anthropologist Dr. Diane France. I chose Diane France over all the other scientists available because I find forensic anthropology really interesting and her work in the field inspiring. Diane Frances was born on May 11th, 1954 in Grand Junction, Colorado. Her love for science started at a young age when she began playing with microscopes and chemistry sets, and even dissecting frogs in her basement. Even though Diane originally went to the University of Colorado for marine biology, her love for bones pushed her to become a forensic anthropologist. As a forensic anthropologist, Diane identifies human bones to help solve crimes for law enforcement, like unsolved murders, or to identify loved ones in cases of disaster. Diane has worked many important cases including high profile murders, many of which are cold cases, and she even traveled to Russia to help solve the mystery of the Anastasia. As a member of Disaster Mortuary Operational Response Team, or DMORT, Diane works to identify victims in times of disaster all over the world. After the September 11th terrorist attack, Diane was sent to Stanton Island, New York with DMORT to help sort bone fragments out of the rubble for identification.  

Annotated Bibliography & 200 words

Thursday, September 15th, 2011

Annotated Bibliography

Primary Sources

Dreifus, Claudia. “An Astronomer Devoted to the Icy and Far Away.” The New York Times. 01 Sept. 2008. Web. 9 Sept. 2011.

This source is an interview with Heidi Hammel with an editor from the New York Times. It discusses her involvement with work learning about Neptune and Uranus, and why she chose to work with the “dullest planets.” Also, it talks about her work with the Hubble Space Telescope, and how she manages to explain what she learns with everyone else in terms a non-scientist would understand.

Hammel, Heidi. “ASTRONOMY BEHIND THE HEADLINES A Podcast for Informal Science Educators from the Astronomical Society of the Pacific.” Interview. Astronomical Society of the Pacific. Web. 9 Sept. 2011. <>.

This site provides a link to an interview with Heidi Hammel. This interview is in regards to the atmosphere discovered on Jupiter due to a collision with fragments from a comet. She discusses discoveries from this event. She also explains how the Hubble Space Telescope assisted with these discoveries.

“Heidi B. Hammel’s Frequently Asked Questions Page.” Fred Bortz, Children’s Science Writer. Web. 12 Sept. 2011. <>.

This website is a list of frequently asked questions. There are questions about multiple different topics. Some are about her career and how she got started. There are also some about her personal life.

Morrow, Cherilynn. “Scientists in Education and Public Outreach.” Interview. Space Science Institute, Apr. 2001. Web. 11 Sept. 2011. <>.

This is an interview with Heidi Hammel. In this interview, she discusses her involvement in educating the public, especially children, about her field of science through EPO(Education and Public Outreach). She discusses how and why she got involved in EPO. She also explains the challenges and rewards of being involved in a program like EPO.

Niebur, Susan. “Heidi Hammel: Ask for Help When You Need it « Women in Planetary Science: Female Scientists on Careers, Research, Space Science, and Work/Life Balance.” Women in Planetary Science: Female Scientists on Careers, Research, Space Science, and Work/Life Balance. 30 Sept. 2010. Web. 10 Sept. 2011. <>.

This is an interview with Heidi Hammel. This interview discusses how she got involved in science and what she has done as a scientist. The article focuses mainly on her research on Neptune and Uranus. It also talks about how she juggles her life as a scientist and a woman with a family


Secondary Sources



This site is about Heidi Hammel’s background. It discusses her education before her career and research she has done. It also names some of the awards she has received for her work. Lastly, it also mentions her biography.

A Word on my Findings

Who knew it could be so hard to find sources for a scientist!  I most certainly didn’t think it would be.  After spending time looking, I found all of these sources are very helpful when trying to learn more about Heidi Hammel.  Some delve into her work and research, why she chose to do go into science, how she chose what planets she wanted to study, and she manages to juggle being a working woman with a family and a personal life.  I really enjoyed getting to learn more about Heidi Hammel and her field of work.  I always thought planets and space were interesting, but didn’t realize how involved and complex it could really be.  She focuses most of her work on Neptune and Uranus the “Icy Giants” and the “dullest planets,” as one interviewer pointed out.  Her defense for these planets is that they are always changing, therefore they are interesting to study.  Also, because no one has really focused on them before, everything she discovers is new to the science world.  She has also worked with the Hubble Space Telescope.  She actually led a team that analyzed photos from the Shoemaker-Levy 9 comet hitting Jupiter.  And amidst all of this, she still has time for her husband and three kids.  How one woman manages to handle all of this is truly amazing!  I can’t wait to get deeper into my research and learn even more.

Why I chose Kathryn D. Sullivan

Thursday, September 15th, 2011

Kathryn D. Sullivan is an amazing role model for any young woman. She paved the way for future women who want to go into space. I was intrigued by Dr. Sullivan because she was the first women to walk in space, and I wanted to learn why. Dr. Sullivan was born October 3, 1951 in Patterson, New Jersey. Her parents are Donald P. Sullivan, Barbara K Sullivan. She lived in Woodland Hills, California. Dr. Sullvian has been a Geologist, Oceanographer, NASA Mission Specialist, and a Veteran of three Space Shuttle missions. From the years of 1978 to 1992, Dr. Sullivan was a Mission Specialist Astronaut in NASA’s Space Shuttle program. Dr. Sullivan learned land remote sensing techniques as Mission Manager and in-flight scientist aboard NASA’s high-altitude WB-57F aircraft. She flew in three shuttle missions. In 1984, Dr. Sullivan was on the Challenger and became the first woman to walk in space. 1990, she was an EVA (Extra Vehicular Activity) Mission Specialist aboard Discovery, on the Hubble Space Telescope deployment mission. In 1992, Dr Sullivian was the Payload Commander for the Atlas-1 Spacelab which was also her final flight. She became a part of national civilian space policy when she was appointed to the National Commission on Space in 1985. Very involved in science education. She helped create the Challenger Center for Space Science Education.

Annotated Bibliography

Thursday, September 15th, 2011

Hi everyone, this is my bibliography for my research project. I will be adding new sources to this one, so keep an eye out for those changes!

This article is very helpful for the research paper. It describes a problem that has occurred on the Hubble Telescope. It states that Kathryn Sullivan is one of the astronauts to go and fix the problem. They were able to fix it and get the telescope back in orbit

Sawyer, Kathryn. “Hubble Telescope Spreads Its Wings.” The Washington Post 26 Apr. 1990: 1. Print.

This is my primary source. It is an article written by Kathryn Sullivan. It describes women’s struggle to be able to go to space, and how different women fought it, and how they were affected by not going into space.

Sullivan, Kathryn. “Ad Astra per Aspera.” American Scientist 92.1 (2004): 74-76. Print.

This is a newspaper article that explains what women were going into space. Sally ride and Kathryn Sullivan are two of the women going into space. It also says that they are the first women to go into space, and it says that Kathryn Sullivan was the first woman to walk in space.

Anonymous. “6 of America’s 8 Women Astronauts to Fly in ’84.” New York Times 19 Nov. 1983: 26. Print.

In this article, the author talks about all of Kathryn Sullivan’s achievements. It says how she was the first woman to walk in space. It also lists all of her awards and different Hall of Fame awards. It also says that she has received many degrees and honors.

Anonymous. “Kathryn Sullivan to Receive Sigma XI’s McGovern Award.” American Scientist 99.3 (2011). Print.

In this article, the author talks about how Kathryn Sullivan returned to her former high school to receive an award. While she recieved her award, she also gave the students a speech, motivating them to get good educations if they wanted to be able to face the challenges in life. It also talks about Sullivan receiving her bachelor of science degree.

Anonymous. “Students Salute Astronaut Sullivan.” The Washington Post 22 Nov. 1984: 81. Print.

Amy Vedder- Gorilla’s Best Friend

Thursday, September 15th, 2011


Even as a young girl, Amy has always been fascinated by animals.  Maybe it’s because she and her three sisters cared for all types of different pets, or because her father had a veterinary practice where she would help out with the patients.  Probably both.  She grew up in a small town in upstate New York, and loved spending every moment outdoors.

When high school came around, she found out that she excelled in math and biology.  She then went onto Swarthmore College to get her degree in biology.  In comes Bill Weber, her best friend throughout college and soon to be her husband.  Once they graduated, the idea of traveling to Africa to volunteer as teachers with the Peace Corps captivated them both, because they shared the hopes of making the world a better place.  On this trip to Africa was where Amy met her first gorilla.  When she returned to the United States, both Amy and Bill got their graduate degrees and returned back to Africa to make their dream of studying gorillas come true.

They soon realized that the loss of natural habitat was endangering the gorillas, and did everything they could to deter the extinction of the species. They helped inform the Rwandans about the problem and the importance of conservation, raised money for projects, and founded the Mountain Gorilla Project.  When she returned to the United States next, she directed the Africa Program of the Wildlife Conservation Society for six years.  Now, she is Director of the Living Landscapes Program for the Wildlife Conservation Society.

Amy Vedder is acknowledged for her 25 plus years of dedication to protect wildlife and wildland conservation.  She is known internationally for having launched highly successful conservation programs, and is still continuing her work to accomplish more.


Bibliography on Amy Vedder

Thursday, September 15th, 2011

Primary Source:

Weber, Bill, and Vedder, Amy. In the Kingdom of Gorillas. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2001.


Written by Amy Vedder and her husband, Bill Weber, this book goes into major detail of their trip to Rwanda in the 1970’s.  This book provided a great background on Amy and Bill.  They met at Swathmore College, and both had the hopes to make the world a better place.  After graduating, their interest in conservation led them to join the Peace Corps.  Not qualified for any special positions, they both joined as general volunteers; which at the time was a field dominated by females. When they returned to the United States, Amy went to graduate school to study field biology, and later returned to Africa to study mountain gorillas.  Realizing that the loss of natural habitat was endangering the gorillas, they both made tremendous strides to deter the extinction of the depleting species.  They helped inform the Rwandans about the problem and the importance of conservation, raised money for projects, and founded the Mountain Gorilla Project.  As a primary source, I found the book to be useful in learning more about the advancements that Amy and her husband promoted in the field of primate conservation.

Secondary Sources:

Amy Vedder. The Wilderness Society, n.d. Web. 11 Sept. 2011.

This website was established by The Wilderness Society which is an organization dedicated to the preservation of the natural habitat of animals and plants.  On the site, I found a section for Amy Vedder as she is the Senior Vice President of Conservation for the society.  The page gave a basic overview of her career and cited many of Amy’s recent publications.


“Amy Vedder.” Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies. The University of Wisconsin-Madison, n.d. Web. 11 Sept. 2011.

The University of Wisconsin-Madison held an event for 2010’s Earth Day at one of their conference centers and had about fifty speakers, Amy Vedder being one of them.  This website provided details of the event, and the backgrounds of the speakers.  They describe her as “one of the world’s foremost experts on wildlife and wilderness conservation.” It talks about the book she wrote with her husband, In the Kingdom of Gorillas, and many of her other accomplishments.  I didn’t find this source to be extensively useful as it was very brief and summarized much of the information found in other sources.


Ebersole, Rene. Gorilla Mountain: The Story of Wildlife Biologist Amy Vedder. New York:

Joseph Henry Press, 2006. Print.

This book provides everything you need to know about Amy Vedder.  It is an easy to read resource that contains many useful facts.  In this source, I learned despite many astounding accomplishments throughout her career, she faced some challenges as well.  Somewhat surprisingly, they weren’t gender challenges but many the struggles that Rwanda went through regarding conflict and war.


Novacek, Michael J., ed. The Biodiversity Crisis. New York: The New Press, 2001. Print.

In this book regarding biodiversity, there is an excerpt that covers Amy Vedder’s profile.  I learned about her profession as Director of the Living Landscapes Program for the Wildlife Conservation Society, and the many things she did in order to protect animals and the land in which they live.  She was first exposed to this kind of science when she was a Peace Corps volunteer in Africa many years ago.  Several years after that, she established the Mountain Gorilla Project with her husband, and spent her time supporting the communities and raising money to protect the endangered species. When she returned the United States, she directed the Africa Program of the Wildlife Conservation Society, WCS, for six years.  Even though this book only had a page about Amy Vedder, it was still very useful in giving a background of her life and the many significant things she accomplished.