About

NAPW is very similar to a social network in which women can join and connect with others in their fields. It is meant to help women share ideas and opportunities, as well as promote their own businesses. Members also get discounts at many retailers and restaurants. Deals with Cell phone companies are an example. They also have a career center to help women with their resumes. You can be a mentor or be mentored by other members in the same field as you.

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The National Association of Professional Women

The National Association of Professional Women
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National Women’s Studies Association

About the Organization

The National Women’s Studies Association was established in 1977. It is still in existence today. The mission of the organization is to lead the field of women’s and gender studies. Their philosophy states  “Our members actively pursue a just world in which all persons can develop to their fullest potential – one free from ideologies, structures, or systems of privilege that oppress or exploit some for the advantage of others.”

Membership

Anyone can join the organization by signing up online. Annual dues depend on the different types of memberships.

Would Cynthia Breazeal join? 

Although I believe Cynthia Breazeal would agree with the organization’s philosophy, I do not think she would become a member because she works more with computer science. However, I think she would support their seminars related to women in science such as “How to Write Successful Grants to Advance Women in Science”

Would I join?

I do not think I would join the organization now but it sounds very interesting and I may possibly join in the future.

 

Bibliography

About The National Women’s Studies Association.National Women’s Studies Association.<http://www.nwsa.org/about/index.php>.Web.15 November 2011.

 

How to Write Successful Grants to Advance Women in Science.<http://www.ncrw.org/content/how-write-successful-grants-advance-women-science>.15 November 2011. 

 Join NWSA.<https://www.nwsa.org/membership/joinindividual.php>.National Women’s Studies Association.15 November 2011.

 

NWSA Membership.<http://www.nwsa.org/index.php>.National Women’s Studies Association.15 November 2011.

 

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FYSEM: Beauty/Brains- Women in the Sciences (Scientist of the semester- Dr. Inez Fung)

Blog

I will be creating a blog on Inez Fung (1949-) -
Climate Scientist. This blog is for my First Year Seminar: Beauty/Brains –
Women in the Sciences at the University of Mary Washington.

 

 

 

Inez Fung

InezFung
(Powerpoint Presentation)

Climatology is the science of the climate
including its causes, types, changes in time, and its distribution over the
earth’s surface. The scientist I chose, Inez Fung, is a climatologist!

I was motivated to select Inez Fung as my
scientist to research due to the fact that I had never heard of her and wanted
to learn more. I am also very interested in the weather and thought she would
be interesting to research.

Inez Fung was born on April 11, 1949 in Hong
Kong. She grew up on Hong Kong Island located in the South China Sea. She loved
to swim in the bays and look at the clouds. Later on in her life she married an
oceanographer named Jim Bishop. She loves to go to concerts and movies, go on
long walks, and reading science fiction. Her hobbies include playing the piano
and cooking big meals with family and friends. A fun fact that I found was that
she plans on swimming across the San Francisco Bay on her 6oth birthday!

Inez Fung attended schools throughout her
childhood. In Hong Kong, education was extremely important and how well you did
determined what you would end up becoming. As a teenager, Inez Fung was drawn
to and good at both science and math. Following high school, she traveled to
the United States in order to attend Utica College located in New York. She
later transferred to Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in order to
study math. After she earned her bachelor’s degree, she decided to pursue her
graduate degree in meteorology. Inez Fung was the second woman to graduate MIT
with a doctorate in meteorology.

Inez Fung currently lives in Berkeley,
California. She works as a Professor of Atmospheric Science at Berkeley, the
University of California. She is also the current director of the Berkeley
Institute of the Environment. One of her research interests is “how will
CO2 and climate co-evolve, and what can we do about it.”

From 1977-2007 Dr. Fung achieved 19 major
accomplishments. She has been awarded many prestigious awards, medals, and has
been named a fellow and a member of various organizations. An important
accomplishment is that Dr. Fung was a contributor to the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize
that was awarded to UNEP (United Nations Environmental Programme and IPCC
(Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change). Another interesting and cute
honor she received is that she was named “Scientist of the Month” by
Ms. Maggie Owens’ 2nd grade class, Marin Elementary School, Albany, California
in 2006. Here is a complete list of her accomplishments:

•1977 C.G. Rossby Award for the outstanding thesis of the year,
Department of Meteorology, MIT

•1987, 1993 NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies Peer Award

•1989 NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal

•1990, 1996 NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies Most Valuable
Paper Award

•1991 NOAA Distinguished Authorship Award

•1992 – 1997 NASA Goddard Senior Fellow

•1994 Fellow, American Meteorological Society

•1996 Fellow, American Geophysical Union

•1997-2002: Richard and Rhoda Goldman Distinguished Professor in
the Physical Sciences, UC Berkeley

•2001: Member, National Academy of Sciences

•2002: Henry W. Kendall Memorial Lecturer in Global Change
Science, MIT

•2004: Roger Revelle Medal, American Geophysical Union

•2005: Scientific American 50, Scientific American

•2006: Fellow, World Technology Network; Winner, 2006 World
Technology Network Award for the Environment

•2006: “Scientist of the Month” Ms. Maggie Owens’ 2nd grade class,
Marin Elementary School, Albany, California

•2007: National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Community
Climate System Model (CCSM) Distinguished Achievement Award

•2007: Contributor to the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to the
United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) Intergovernmental Panel for
Climate Change (IPCC)

 

I do believe that Inez Fung would make a good role model. She would
encourage women to invest in their education and to select careers in the
sciences. Dr. Fung is also a good role model because she is a professor and
teaches students about subjects she is passionate about. She is also a leader
due to the fact that she is the director of the Berkeley Institute of the
Environment. She also says this quote on own of her biographical sites: “I
welcome enquiries from prospective students with strong analytical skills, and
strong background in physics, mathematics, chemistry, biology and engineering.”
I think that this means that she is willing to teach those who have already
taken initiative and who are willing to learn.

Annotated

Bibliography

Doney, Scott C., Keith Lindsay, Inez Fung, Jasmin John, 2006:
Natural Variability in a Stable,

1000-Yr Global Coupled Climate–Carbon Cycle
Simulation. J. Climate, 19, 3033–3054.

doi: 10.1175/JCLI3783.1

http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/full/10.1175/JCLI3783.1

This site contains a lot of scientific facts and information
dealing with carbon and

Earth’s climate. It is extremely accurate, informative, and contains authority

and validity. For a person with little knowledge of this topic, it is rather

difficult to comprehend. This site describes the carbon cycle and carbon’s
effect

on Earth’s climate. This site would be useful for displaying an example of what

Professor Inez Fung works on a normal basis.

Fung, Inez. Earth & Planetary Science University of
California, Berkeley
. UC Regents, n.d.

Web. 12 Sep. 2011.

http://eps.berkeley.edu/development/view_person.php?uid=96093

This site contains biographical information about Professor Inez
Fung. It also

includes information about her teaching schedule, office hours, and contact

information. It is informative and

contains validity due to the fact that Professor Inez Fung included the

information listed on this site. This site would be extremely useful to those

who need a primary source with biographical information.

Fung, Inez. Inez Fung. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Sep. 2011.

http://www.atmos.berkeley.edu/~inez/#pubs

This site contains biographical information about Professor Inez
Fung. It includes

information about her academic background, honors, research interests, and

selected publications. It is a valid and accurate site. It would be useful for

someone who needed a primary source with a lot of professional biographical

information.

Fung, Inez Y., Doney, Scott C., Keith Lindsay, Jasmin John, 2005:
Evolution of Carbon Sinks in

a Changing Climate. PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy
of Sciences of the United States of America).
, vol. 102 no. 32,
11201–11206. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0504949102

http://www.pnas.org/content/102/32/11201.full?sid=44e9bfef-537e-4345-adec-358d768c58c0

This site contains a lot of scientific facts and information
dealing with the

evolution of carbon sinks when it comes to the changing climate. It is

accurate, informative, and contains validity and authority. It may be difficult

for a person with little knowledge of this topic to understand it fully but it

is not impossible. This site would be useful for displaying an example of

Professor Inez Fung’s work.

I Was Wondering . . . A Curious Look At Women’s Adventures In
Science.
The National

Academies, n.d. Web. 12 Sep. 2011.

http://www.iwaswondering.com/inez_scrapbook_childhood.html

This site contains biographical information about Professor Inez
Fung. Its purpose

is to provide information about women scientists to middle school aged

children. Therefore, it would be considered valid and accurate. This site talks

about Professor Inez Fung’s childhood, academic career and scientific work. It

would be useful for those who need a secondary source.

Vance, Erik. “Stop Global Warming.” What a Leading Scientist
Has to Say.
Change.org. 11

Dec. 2009. Web. 12 Sep. 2011.

http://web.archive.org/web/20091214023814/http://globalwarming.change.org/blog/view/what_a_leading_climate_scientist_has_to_say

This site contains an interview with Professor Inez Fung. It
discusses what Professor Inez Fung hopes

will happen during and as a result of the Copenhagen conference. This site is

accurate and valid due to the fact that it is a direct interview with Professor

Inez Fung. This site is considered a primary source and would be useful to
anyone who needed biographical

information.

 

 

 

Comparison of Dr. Inez Fung with a contemporary
male scientist, Dr. John R. Christy

Dr.
John R. Christy
(Powerpoint Presentation)

I chose to research Dr. John R.
Christy because he is very similar to Dr. Inez Fung. They are both experts in
Climatology. They both are also professors at Universities. Since they had
these similarities I thought it would be appropriate to compare and contrast
them.

I will now compare and contrast Dr.
John R. Christy and Dr. Inez Fung. Dr. John Christy has a Bachelor’s Degree in
Mathematics, a Master’s Degree in Atmospheric Sciences, and a Ph.D. in
Atmospheric Sciences. Dr. Inez Fung has a Bachelor’s Degree in Applied
Mathematics and a Doctorate in Meteorology. Dr. John Christy is a Distinguished
Professor of Atmospheric Science, a Director of the Earth System Science
Center, and is Alabama’s State Climatologist. Dr. Inez Fung is a Professor of
Atmospheric Science and is a Director of the Berkley Institute of the
Environment. Dr. Inez Fung has 19 major accomplishments and Dr. John Christy
has only five (similar to some of Dr. Inez Fung’s) and they include:

1991 NASA’s Medal for Exceptional Scientific Achievement

1996 Selected to receive a Special Award by the American
Meteorological Society

2002 Inducted as a Fellow of the American Meteorological Society

(1992, 1994, 1996, and 2007) Contributor for the U.N. reports by
the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

2001 Lead Author for the U.N. reports by the Intergovernmental
Panel on Climate Change

Both Dr. John Christy and Dr. Inez
Fung are married. Dr. John Christy is married to Babs Christy and Dr. Inez Fung
is married to Jim Bishop. Dr. John Christy has two children: a daughter,
Alison, and a son, Brian. I did not find any reason why family responsibilities
positively or negatively affected either scientist’s careers.

Due to the fact that Dr. John
Christy has more degrees, I believe that he would acquire a higher salary. This
fact would also probably make him more readily hired for a permanent position
with opportunities for advancement than Dr. Inez Fung. I do not believe that
either of them was promoted quicker than the other. With all of this
information, I have come to the conclusion that gender did not influence the
careers of these scientists. As I said in the beginning, they are similar in
the fact that they are both experts in climatologists and they are both
professors. I believe that their differences counteract each other. For
example, Dr. John Christy has more education and probably earns a higher salary
but Dr. Inez Fung has won fourteen more awards/accomplishments than him.

 

Works Cited

  • Department
    of Atmospheric Science: The University of Alabama in Huntsville                                      http://www.nsstc.uah.edu/atmos/christy2011/about.html
  • Doney,
    Scott C., Keith Lindsay, Inez Fung, Jasmin John, 2006: Natural Variability in a
    Stable,

1000-Yr Global
Coupled Climate–Carbon Cycle Simulation. J. Climate, 19, 3033–3054.

doi:
10.1175/JCLI3783.1

http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/full/10.1175/JCLI3783.1

  • Dr.
    John R. Christy

http://web.archive.org/web/20070307104715/http://science.nasa.gov/ssl/PAD/sppb/NSSTC-CSPAR_Colloquia/FAL-01/christy_bio.html

 

  • Fung,
    Inez. Earth & Planetary Science University of California, Berkeley.
    UC Regents, n.d.

Web. 12 Sep. 2011.

http://eps.berkeley.edu/development/view_person.php?uid=96093

  • Fung,
    Inez. Inez Fung. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Sep. 2011.

http://www.atmos.berkeley.edu/~inez/#pubs

  • Fung,
    Inez Y.,  Doney, Scott C., Keith Lindsay,
    Jasmin John, 2005: Evolution of Carbon Sinks in

a Changing Climate. PNAS
(Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the

United

States of
America).
, vol. 102 no. 32, 11201–11206. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0504949102

http://www.pnas.org/content/102/32/11201.full?sid=44e9bfef-537e-4345-adec-358d768c58c0

  • I
    Was Wondering . . . A Curious Look At Women’s Adventures In Science.
    The
    National

Academies, n.d.
Web. 12 Sep. 2011.

http://www.iwaswondering.com/inez_scrapbook_childhood.html

  • Vance,
    Erik. “Stop Global Warming.”  What a
    Leading Scientist Has to Say.
    Change.org. 11

Dec. 2009. Web. 12
Sep. 2011.

http://web.archive.org/web/20091214023814/http://globalwarming.change.org/blog/view/what_a_leading_climate_scientist_has_to_say

 

 

 

Organization

Sigma
Delta Epsilon
(Powerpoint Presentation)

I chose to do this
presentation on the organization of Sigma Delta Epsilon/ Graduate Women in
Science.  GWIS is basically a non-profit
association that helps the participation, recognition, and advancement of women
in science and also fosters research through fellowships, awards, and grants.
It was formed in 1921; only one year after women received the right to vote.
The group was originally formed as an “old girl’s club” which provided women in
science an opportunity to interact with each other in an informal and powerful
way as men in science did. It is still in existence today and there are
currently 1500 scientists in this organization. There are fifteen regional
chapters in 11 states and in District of Columbia and one chapter-at-large. The
GWIS National Office is located in St. Paul, MN.

The
mission statement of GWIS is as follows: “To advance the participation and
recognition of women in science and to foster research through grants, awards,
and fellowships.” “Graduate Women in Science is an inter-disciplinary society
of scientists who encourage and support women to enter and achieve success in
science  through full participation in
their scientific research and its applications; in the development and
advancement of women;  in the integration
careers, personal goals, and society’s needs; and by professional networking
and mutual inspiration.” You do not have to be a woman to join, but you do need
at least a bachelor’s degree in scientific discipline to become a member of
GWIS.  Disciplines vary and include
mathematics, computer science, and the natural and physical sciences. Members
include post-doctoral researchers, graduate students, and professionals in
industry, government and higher education. There are approximately 1500 women
scientists in this organization who have at least a bachelor’s degree in
scientific discipline. There are annual dues that vary depending on which kind
of membership you would like and what chapter you join. The range is $0 – $650.

The
University of Mary Washington does not have a chapter of this organization. The
closest chapter is located in Washington, D.C.  I do believe that Dr. Inez Fung would likely
belong to this organization. I am actually surprised that she is not already a
member.  I feel like this organization
supports her views. It advances the participation of women in science like Inez
Fung does by teaching. I believe that Inez Fung would encourage this
organization to make a scholarship/grant for women in other countries to be
able to travel to the United States in order to further their education in the
sciences. I believe that this is a wonderful organization. However, I would not
consider joining because I am not planning on obtaining a degree in science.

Works Cited

Sigma Delta Epsilon/ Graduate Women in
Science

http://www.gwis.org/about.html

 

 

Sigma Delta Epsilon/ Graduate Women in
Science

http://www.gwis.org/membership.html

 

 

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National Association of Nurse Practitioners in Women’s Health

The National Association of Nurse Practitioners in Women’s Health(NPWH) is an organization founded in 1980 who’s mission is to, ” assure the provision of quality health care to women of all ages by nurse practitioners”. This organization is regulated to six regions of the United States that includes the Southeast, South Central, North Atlantic, Great Lakes, and the West and also has connections to various universities including Missouri State and Vanderbilt. My scientist Dr. Nancy Wexler, as you all should be well aware of by now, is a neuropsychologist. As a neuropsychologist she researched the various genetic links to the neurological disorder Huntington’s disease. Dr. Wexler would not have joined this organization due to the fact that she is not a nurse practitioner. Furthermore,  she never worked in clinical settings, her research was performed inside labs.  I do believe though that she would vehemently agree with its principles, seeing as her mother, due to Huntington’s disease, was most likely placed under care whether in a hospital setting or at home frequently. I feel that Nancy must have attained a high sense of respect and appreciation towards health workers, and because of this experience she would therefore support the NPWH’s cause.

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NPWH ppt.

National Association of Nurse Practitioners My powerpoint on the NPWH!

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American Medical Women’s Association

The American Medical Women’s Association was founded in 1915 in Chicago by Dr. Bertha VanHoosen. This was a time where females physicians were “under-represented.” VanHoosen wanted to created an organization that would empower women and improve health for everyone.

The AMWA focuses on improving health for all with a womanly perspective. They want to advance women in the medical profession. Their mission as stated on the page is “…[T]o advance women in medicine and improve women’s health. [They] achieve this by providing and developing leadership, advocacy, education, expertise, mentoring, and strategic alliances.”

The AMWA works locally, nationally, and internationally. There are various branches, but UMW does not have a chapter. There are instructions on the AMWA website on how to recruite members to start a branch; you only need 5 members.

The AMWA is made up of physicians, students, health care professionals, and donors. There are annual fee’s depending on what your current membership status is: physician, student, resident, etc.  Nothing on their website says that males cannot join, and considering the AMWA wants to promote gender equality, I’m sure they’d extend the membership invitation to men, in addition to women.

My scientist, Elizabeth Blackwell, would’ve loved to have been a part of the American Medical Women’s Assosiation; she died 5 years before it’s establishment. The AMWA does have a tribute in honor of the 1st female physician rightly named the “Elizabeth Blackwell Award.” It is awarded annually to a female physician, member or non, that has made outstanding contributions to the medical profession. The AMWA and Elizabeth Blackwell share the same views. They both want to empower women. The AMWA does this as described in their mission, as well as through projects such as, “Medicine; a Women’s Career,” which is intended for high students interested in medicine. Blackwell really worked to encourage young females to succeed in medicine. The New York Infirmary and College for Women, which Blackwell founded, trained and gave experience to female doctors. Elizabeth Blackwell would’ve encouraged the AMWA to continue to encourage and mentor younger generations of females to pursue careers in the medical profession.

This is the AMWA website. It’s pretty interesting and easy to navigate. http://www.amwa-doc.org/

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Works Cited

Tara Landy

FSEM 100F8

Bibliography

Primary Sources

Ocampo. Adriana. Phobos: Close Encounter Imaging from the Viking Orbiters, NASA, 1984. Print.

Secondary Sources

AMWA: American Medical Women’s Association: The Vision and Voice of Women in Medicine since                    1915. N.p. American Medical Women’s Association, 2011. Web. 13 August 2011.

Alvarez, Walter. T.rex and the Crater of Doom. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008. Print

Bailey. Martha J., American Women in Science: 1950 to the Present, A Biographical Dictionary.  

Kerr, Richard A. Impact craters all in a row?  Science 272.5258 (1996): 33. MasterFILE   Premier. EBSCO. Web. 12 Sept. 2011.  

“Luis Walter Alvarez.” Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th Edition (2011): 1. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 26 Oct. 2011

Martinez, Debbie. Latina Women of NASA: Adriana C. Ocampo Uria. N.p. 28 February 2001. (Web) 12 September 2011. 

Narins, Brigham. Notable Scientists: From 1900 to the Present. 4th ed. Farmington Hills: The Gale Group, 2001. Print

The National Academies. “Adriana Ocampo: The Space Geologist.” I was wondering… National Academy of Science, 2011. Web. 26 September 2011.

Telgen, Diane and Kamp, Jim, eds. Notable Hispanic American Women. Detriot: Gale Research, 1993. Print.

 Weintraub, Pamela. “THE DISCOVER INTERVIEW: WALTER ALVAREZ.” Discover 30.9 (2009): 67-75. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 26 Oct. 2011.

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Adriana Ocampo, Walter Alvarez, and the American Medical Women’s Association

Tara Landy

FSEM Beauty and Brains

My name is Tara Landy and I am a freshmen at the University of Mary Washington. My freshmen seminar is called “Beauty and Brains”-Women in the Science Field. Throughout the semester, our class has been researching different female scientists, comparing our female scientists to their contemporary male scientists, and organizations relating to the advancememt of women in the science field. My scientist is Adriana Ocampo, a planetary geologist. This blog is dedicated to the hard work and commitment of women scientists around the world!

 

Adriana Ocampo grew up in Buenos Ares, Argentina dreaming about exploring planets. She never doubted that all her dreams would come true someday. How did Adriana land a job with NASA while still in her teens? How did a robot parked on Mars make her fall in love with rocks and instantly decide to become a planetary geologist? Adriana’s imagination and pure drive have led her to a life of science adventures. Adriana helped find the missing Crater of Doom, a hole blasted out of Earth by a killer space rock 65 million years ago, when the dinosaurs died out. Now she is searching the world for the stuff that came from that crater. Between rock digs she explores other planets through NASA’s space exploration.

Major Recognitions/ Awards

Woman of the Year Award in Science, Comision Femenil, Los Angeles, 1992; Advisory Council for Women Award, JPL, 1996; Science and Technology Award, Chicano Federation, 1997; CSUN’s Distinguished Alumni Award, 2008.

Adriana Ocampo sparked my interest because I felt that we shared the same loves in the science field. As a young girl, I loved collecting rocks and studying the detailed divots and shiny sparkles on every rock that I discovered. While other girls were playing with dolls, I was stuffing my shorts pockets with dozens of rocks. I am also captivated by the stunning stars on a clear night and always take the time to notice the universe’s wonders. Adriana’s passion for geology and positive attitude demonstrate what it takes to become a remarkable female scientist.  

I consider Adriana Ocampo a remarkable role model for an aspiring future scientist because she believes that any young person, from any country or background can reach for the stars. She followed her dreams and stopped at nothing to achieve them. With effort, time, and persistance, one can do anything; it doesn’t matter if you are a girl.

 See Adriana in action as she digs up some answers about our planet’s past: http://www.iwaswondering.org/adriana_video.html

 

Comparison of Scientists (Adriana Ocampo and Walter Alvarez)

 

ADRIANA OCAMPO

 

Background

  • Jan. 5, 1955 in Columbia.
  • Grew up in Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Married Kevin O. Pope, now divorced

Education and Training

  • Worked since high school for NASA.
  • Jet Propulsion Laboratory
    • Viking Space Mission
    • Hermes Mission
  • Studied Aerospace Engineering at Pasadena City College
  • Geology California State University in Los Angeles (bachelors degree)

Major Accomplishments

  • Involved in NASA mission to
    • Jupiter
    • Project Galileo
    • Mars Observer
  • Crater of Doom

Annual Salary

  • Approximately $156,000

 

WALTER ALVAREZ

Background

  • Born October 3, 1940 in Berkeley, California
  • Son of Luis W. Alvarez, famous Nobel Prize winning physicist
  • Married to Millie, no children.

Scientific Expertise

  • Earth and Planetary Science

Education

  • B.A. in geology in 1962 from Carleton College in Minnesota
  • Ph.D. in geology from Princeton University in 1967

Professional Positions

  • American Overseas Petroleum Limited in Holland and in Libya
  • Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory of Columbia University
  • 1994 to 1997 Alvarez was Chairman of the Department of Geology and Geophysics
  • Professor in the Earth and Planetary Science department at the University of California, Berkeley

Discoveries/Contributions

  • Tectonic Paleomagnetism
  • Impact Theory

 Crater of Doom!

  • Roman geology and archeology
  • Big History at UC Berkeley in 2006

Annual Salary

  • Approximately $115,000

I selected Walter Alvarez to compare to Adriana Ocampo because they are both planetary geologists. They also wrote a book together called “T-Rex and the Crater of Doom.” The book inclides their theory about how the dinosaurs became extinct 65 million years ago! They believe that a giant asteroid hit the earth and caused the dinosaurs mass extinction. They came up with the theory after discovering the “Crater of Doom” in Mexico. Walter and Adriana love being  geologists and encourage students to learn about our universe’s history.

I do not believe that gender influenced the careers of Adriana and Walter. Their salaries, promotions, and awards given were very similar and both were successful in their research. In fact, the women to men ratio in Geology is on the rise! In 2006, only 30% of Geologists were women. Now, statistsics show that 40% of Geologists are women. I have confidence that women are equally treated in the field of Geology.

 

American Medical Women’s Association (AMWA)

When was this organization formed?

  • The organization was founded by Dr. Bertha VanHoosen in 1915 in Chicago, at a time when women physicians were an under-represented minority.

How large is this organization?

  • 3000 members, as of 2007

Is this organization still in existence?

  • Yes!

What is its primary mission?

  • The American Medical Women’s Association is an organization which functions at the local, national, and international level to advance women in medicine and improve women’s health.  AMWA achieves this by providing and developing leadership, advocacy, education, expertise, mentoring, and through building strategic alliances.

Would Adriana Ocampo likely belong to this organization?

  • Most likely, Adriana Ocampo would not be a member of AMWA because her career is not in medicine. However, Adriana would almost certainly encourage the advancement of women in the medical field. She was raised to believe “you could do anything you wanted with time, effort, and persistence. It didn’t matter if you were a girl.”

 

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Bibliography for NPWH

“ About NPWH.” National Association of Nurse Practitioners in Women’s Health. National Association of Nurse

Practitioners in Women’s Health, n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2011.

“National Association of Nurse Practitioners in Women’s Health”. National Council of Women’s Organization. National

Council of Women’s Organizations, n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2011

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