Archive for October, 2011

Ada Byron and Charles Babbage

Monday, October 31st, 2011

The male scientist I chose to be a foil for my female scientist, Ada Byron Lovelace was indeed the man who started her career, Charles Babbage. I chose Babbage because I thought it would be interesting to compare both of their work ethics in the computer science and mathematics field and who got farther with their research.

They both lived in the same time period, so that did not create any mishap. They came from elite households in which they began their education with very qualified private tutors. In a sense they both have qualities in them that make them a “successful scientist”, according to Anne Roe, even though Byron is a woman and Roe specified her findings toward males. Byron did not have a father or father figure in her life, and Babbage was born with an illness that required him to be isolated for most of his childhood.

While comparing both of these scientists, I realized many things. Charles Babbage was a very successful innovator, known to have invented a handful of things that are important in our lives today, yet Ada Byron’s only accomplishment was her suggestion to use the Bernoulli numbers. Although this had been a very crucial suggestion that changed the the computer world today, she seemed to be more well-known than did Babbage.

With my research, I did not find that gender influenced their career much. Inversely, I saw that being a woman for Ada Byron actually helped her in a sense because she was a woman, and she was able to do something before a man, which was widely controversial.  While other female scientists that we have learned in our course have not been able to be credited for their findings. Anything I found related to the Analytical Engine credited both Babbage and Byron Lovelace, and surprisingly this machine was associated more with Byron even though this was originally Babbage’s idea.

Ernest Everett Just vs Roger Arliner Young

Monday, October 31st, 2011

Ernest Everett Just was born was born August 14, 1883 in Charleston, South Carolina and died October 27, 1941 in Washington D.C.  Just specialized in zoology, biology, and physiology, but had special honors in botany and history, and honors in sociology.  He prepared for college at Kimball Hall Academy, in New Hampshire, where he completed the four-year course of study in only three years.  He graduated magna cum laude from Dartmouth College in 1907. In 1916, Dr. Just graduated magna cum laude from University of Chicago receiving his doctorate in experimental embryology, with a thesis on the mechanics of fertilization.


I chose Ernest Everett Just to compare to Roger Arliner Young because of his influence on her life, his success, and study of science.  If you recall from the previous information, Just was Young’s first science professor and mentor and they worked closely together at the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, Massachusetts.  They both received up to a PhD attended Howard University.  Just’s influence and close working environments were two contributing factors my choice in male scientists.


Ernest Everett Just Roger Arliner Young
Education Bachelor’s,Master’s, PhD in experimental embryology from the University of Chicago.


Bachelor’s, Master’s, PhD in Zoology from the University of Pennsylvania.
Positions Head of the Department of Zoology and Department of Physiology, Member of the Marine Biological Laboratory.


Professor, Member of the Marine Biological Laboratory
Awards and Recognition Recipient of the first Spingarn Medal (1915) for his research in Biology (NAACP), Postage Stamp


No awards or recognition
Publications Published more than sixty published articles in scientific journals, He published two books, The Biology of the Cell Surface (1939) and Basic Methods for Experiments on Eggs of Marine Animals (1939).


”On the Excretory Apparatus in Paramecium,” ”Indirect Effects of Radiation on Sea Urchin Eggs,” and ”The Indirect Effects of Roetgen Rays on Certain Marine Eggs.


Family influcence No family influence Forced to care for her invalid mother, in many instances her grades suffered.


I believe gender ender did not influence Roger Arliner Young’s career nor Ernest Everett Just’s.  Both were successful because of their hard work and discoveries.  Just published over 60 articles and wrote two books.  His colleges also trusted his opinion and had him edit many of their works.  In the long run, Dr. Just was more successful in his findings, and published more works, however this was purely based off of individual motivation.  If anything, Young was influenced most by her family.  If she was not caring for her mother, she may have been able to commit more time to the sciences.

Adriana Ocampo and Walter Alvarez Works Cited

Monday, October 31st, 2011

Tara Landy

Beauty and Brains: FSEM


Alvarez, Walter. T.rex and the Crater of Doom. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008. Print

Bailey. Martha J., American Women in Science: 1950 to the Present, A Biographical Dictionary.  

Kerr, Richard A. Impact craters all in a row?  Science 272.5258 (1996): 33. MasterFILE   Premier. EBSCO. Web. 12 Sept. 2011.  

“Luis Walter Alvarez.” Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th Edition (2011): 1. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 26 Oct. 2011

Martinez, Debbie. Latina Women of NASA: Adriana C. Ocampo Uria. N.p. 28 February 2001. (Web) 12 September 2011. 

Narins, Brigham. Notable Scientists: From 1900 to the Present. 4th ed. Farmington Hills: The Gale Group, 2001. Print

Telgen, Diane and Kamp, Jim, eds. Notable Hispanic American Women. Detriot: Gale Research, 1993. Print.

 Weintraub, Pamela. “THE DISCOVER INTERVIEW: WALTER ALVAREZ.” Discover 30.9 (2009): 67-75. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 26 Oct. 2011.

Adriana Ocampo and Walter Alvarez

Monday, October 31st, 2011

Tara Landy

FSEM 100F8

Assignment 6

Comparison of Scientists (Adriana Ocampo and Walter Alvarez)




  • Jan. 5, 1955 in Columbia.
  • Grew up in Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Married Kevin O. Pope, now divorced

Education and Training

  • Worked since high school for NASA.
  • Jet Propulsion Laboratory
    • Viking Space Mission
    • Hermes Mission
  • Studied Aerospace Engineering at Pasadena City College
  • Geology California State University in Los Angeles (bachelors degree)

Major Accomplishments

  • Involved in NASA mission to
    • Jupiter
    • Project Galileo
    • Mars Observer
  • Crater of Doom

Annual Salary

  • Approximately $156,000




  • Born October 3, 1940 in Berkeley, California
  • Son of Luis W. Alvarez, famous Nobel Prize winning physicist
  • Married to Millie, no children.

Scientific Expertise

  • Earth and Planetary Science


  • B.A. in geology in 1962 from Carleton College in Minnesota
  • Ph.D. in geology from Princeton University in 1967

Professional Positions

  • American Overseas Petroleum Limited in Holland and in Libya
  • Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory of Columbia University
  • 1994 to 1997 Alvarez was Chairman of the Department of Geology and Geophysics
  • Professor in the Earth and Planetary Science department at the University of California, Berkeley


  • Tectonic Paleomagnetism
  • Impact Theory

 Crater of Doom!

  • Roman geology and archeology
  • Big History at UC Berkeley in 2006

Annual Salary

  • Approximately $115,000

I selected Walter Alvarez to compare to Adriana Ocampo because they are both planetary geologists. They also wrote a book together called “T-Rex and the Crater of Doom.” The book inclides their theory about how the dinosaurs became extinct 65 million years ago! They believe that a giant asteroid hit the earth and caused the dinosaurs mass extinction. They came up with the theory after discovering the “Crater of Doom” in Mexico. Walter and Adriana love being  geologists and encourage students to learn about our universe’s history.

I do not believe that gender influenced the careers of Adriana and Walter. Their salaries, promotions, and awards given were very similar and both were successful in their research. In fact, the women to men ratio in Geology is on the rise! In 2006, only 30% of Geologists were women. Now, statistsics show that 40% of Geologists are women. I have confidence that women are equally treated in the field of Geology.


Seymour Kety As Compared to Nancy Wexler…

Monday, October 31st, 2011

I chose to research Seymour Kety as my male comparison or counterpart to my previously researched female scientist Nancy Wexler. Seymour Kety is an American neuroscientist who has exceptional influence in regards to schizophrenia on a genetic level. I chose to research him in comparison to Nancy for several reasons. First, they both lived in a vaguely close time period, he being born in 1915 and she being born in 1945. In addition, both were largely linked to the field of genetics. Kety made breakthroughs in the regards to genetic links and factors of the mental disease schizophrenia. Wexler made giant leaps in regards to Huntington’s genetic cause. Lastly, both scientists were highly successful in their fields, both even becoming heads of major establishments, Kety being the director of the National Institutes of Mental Health and Wexler being the director of the Hereditary Disease Foundation.

Both scientists share striking similarities, but also major differences in their lives. Both scientists went to upstanding colleges, Nancy went to Harvard University’s Radcliffe College and later on the University of Michigan, while Kety attended the University of Pennsylvania. In addition, both found fulfillment in research, Wexler went on to research the disease that profoundly affected her personal life, while Kety research cerebral circulation and genetic links to schizophrenia. Moreover, both became directors of influential institutions(as previously stated above), and both received the Albert Lasker award. These scientists also share a number of differences as well. While Kety married, Wexler never has. In addition, Kety did not possess the personal connection that Wexler had to her work and research.

As for the role of gender influencing the discrepancies among these two scientists, I do not believe that it played a crucial role. Wexler and Kety both have led highly successful lives in their given career paths. I believe that what defined their differences most of all was not the difference of gender, but of the personal connection Wexler has to her work and research. Wexler’s career path has been carved not so much by her gender, but by the disease that affected her family so deeply.

Rene Laennec

Monday, October 31st, 2011

Rene Laennec and Elizabeth Blackwell in the 1800’s Medical Field


In the 1800’s, the male counterpart to Elizabeth Blackwell was a French physician named Rene Laennec.  I selected this man to study because he displayed many similar characteristics to Elizabeth Blackwell and because they were born in roughly the same time period.  Rene Laennec, like Blackwell, was European and similarly like Blackwell, Laennec’s career boasted being a professor, doctor, and running a health clinic.  Despite their difference in gender, Laennec and Blackwell were both exceptional doctors who made impacts on society and the health profession.


  R. Laennec E. Blackwell
Education University of Nantes Geneva Medical College
Positions Doctor, Lecturer, clinic head, professor Doctor, professor, US sanitary commission, clinic head
Promotions Doctor, lecturer, professor, head of a hospital *No specific promotions, personally advanced and took on new endeavors
Recognitions/Awards full time member of French Academy of Medicine, treatise: De’l Ausculaion Mediate, honored by government with first prize of Medicine and sole prize in surgery, knight in Legion of Honor Recognized as the 1st female doctor, 1st female to graduate from medical school, 1st woman on British Medical Register
Salaries *unknown *unknown


Gender did influence the careers of these two physicians.  Had they had careers today, gender would not have affected their success or acceptance in to the medical community however because of the bias towards male professionals in the 1800’s, Elizabeth Blackwell received less opportunity and recognition for her work.  Laennec was accepted in the medical community and didn’t have to fight for a place at a medical college like Blackwell did because she was a female.  Gender affected the success of both physicians because Blackwell, unlike Laennec, was much more hard pressed to find clients, which is what prevented her medical practice and college from succeeding in the long term.

Powerpoint # 2

Sunday, October 30th, 2011

Seymour Kety A powerpoint about neuroscientist Seymour Kety, the counterpart to Nancy Wexler, enjoy!

Bibliography for Seymour Kety

Saturday, October 29th, 2011


Butler, Robert N. “Seymour Kety.” Geriatrics 55.8 (2000): 3. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 24

Oct. 2011.

Butler, Robert N. “Seymour Kety.” Geriatrics 55.8 (2000): 3. Health Source – Consumer Edition. EBSCO.

Web. 24 Oct. 2011.

Holzman, Philip S. “Seymour S. Kety 1915-2000.” Nature Medicine July 2000: 727. Academic Search

Complete. EBSCO. Web. 24 Oct. 2011.

Role Model Material

Thursday, October 13th, 2011

Amy Vedder is a great role model for me, and for all other women scientists.  I am particularly interested in volunteering with the U.S. Peace Corps, and Amy Vedder went to Africa with the Peace Corps straight out of college.  That’s amazing to me, and it shows total dedication to the world and to making the world a better place.  She was a mother of two, and has a world famous career.  Most women struggle to balance their career and their family life, but she did a perfectly fine job at both (her two sons are All-American lacrosse players). For over thirty years Amy Vedder has worked on conservation and preserving wildlife, and she still hasn’t stopped.  She gives lectures all around the world about conservation methods and reasons why their so important.  If I am half as productive as Amy Vedder I’ll be so proud of myself, and I know my family and friends will be too.

My powerpoint on Sally Ride

Friday, October 7th, 2011

Sally Ride